According to Dedy Permadi, Special Staff of the Minister of Communication and Information for Digital and Human Resources (HR), Indonesia’s G20 Presidency series is an important way to boost the growth of the country’s digital economy, and the Ministry of Communications and Informatics hopes that holding the G20 Summit (KTT) in 2022 will influence the community, especially in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).
“The G20 presidency has become an important momentum in various fields and its implementation in Indonesia is expected to stimulate the spill-over effect that can be felt by the nation,” he said.
MSMEs are among those who are affected by the pandemic. This is because they are an important part of Indonesia’s digital transformation. Dedy thinks that digitalisation can help MSMEs continue to grow and deal with the effects of the pandemic that happened in the last two years.
Even though they are the main part of the economy, MSMEs in Indonesia still must deal with problems like high operating costs, growing sales, and a competitive market. The MSME Digital Technology 4.0 Adoption initiative, which was also introduced by the Ministry of Communications and Informatics, seeks to reach up to 70,000 MSMEs in Indonesia by 2024. The usage of technology 4.0, such as Big Data, Quick Response (QR) Code Payment, and Augmented or Virtual Reality, is encouraged by this programme.
Through MSMEs Go Digital, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics is actively encouraging MSMEs to use digital platforms. This project is also supported by the Proudly Made in Indonesia National Movement. Since the programme began in May 2020, about 9.2 million more MSME units have added digital capabilities.
On the other hand, MSME assistance is also done on a regular basis through the MSME Active Selling programme. This programme encourages the expansion or scaling up of technology adoption in the implementation of MSME businesses so that market access can be increased. This programme has reached 26,000 MSMEs as of 2021, and its goal for 2022 is to reach 30,000 MSMEs.
The Ministry of Communication and Information also wants to help MSMEs to become better at digital entrepreneurship. One way to do this is through the Digital Talent Scholarship (DTS) Program and the Digital Entrepreneurship Academy (DEA).
More than 63,000 entrepreneurs had been trained by DEA by the end of 2021. In 2022, DEA hopes to train 40,000 entrepreneurs in a variety of areas, such as online business strategy classes and cybersecurity for MSMEs.
MSMEs can get several advantages by joining the digital ecosystem. MSMEs can optimise transaction procedures, save operating expenses, and extend their businesses into international markets.
Additionally, compared to MSMEs that have not used digital platforms, digital MSMEs might make an income that is 1.1 times larger. Only 26.58 per cent of Indonesian MSMEs now have accounts on the marketplace, nevertheless.
Dedy believes that online platform community development activities are very important, and he thinks that partnerships encourage entrepreneurs to join the digital ecosystem and give the MSME industry intensive and useful digital help.
Furthermore, the Ministry of Communication and Information has requested all Electronic System Operators (PSE) in Indonesia, both domestic and international, to re-register immediately. The government is trying to preserve Indonesia’s digital environment and the public who are PSE Private Scope users and consumers. PSE registration is required by law and regulation. If a PSE doesn’t register by 20 July 2022, it became illegal in Indonesia and can be blocked. Currently, there are 4,634 PSEs registered which includes 4,559 domestic PSEs and 75 global PSEs, according to Semuel Abrijani Pangerapan, Director General of Informatics Applications.
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that will endure for three years was signed by two nations through Kok Ping Soon, Chief Executive of GovTech Singapore and Tom Read, Chief Executive Officer and Director General of Government Digital Service (GDS), UK to support the established relationship and improve teamwork in the development and provision of public services for digital government.
With economies around the world digitalising, it is imperative for Singapore to work with like-minded partners to push the boundaries of digital services for our citizens and businesses and unlock greater benefits for the respective countries.
– Kok Ping Soon, Chief Executive, GovTech
Tom stated that the UK GDS is delighted to work with GovTech Singapore. Over the past three years, they have shared their knowledge and experience on a variety of topics, such as digital capability, the COVID-19 response, digital ID, data security, and our Government as a Platform strategy. GDS knows that peer-to-peer partnerships are a great way to share and improve good digital government practices.
Both the UK and Singapore are seen as digital leaders and take an active part in making international standards and discussions in the digital government space. Both countries know how important it is to offer digital government services, and the formalisation of their cooperation and collaboration shows that they want to keep the benefits of the rapid digitalization of the last three years. The UK-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement (UKSDEA), which went into effect on June 14, 2022, led to the signing of this MoU.
Singapore has put a lot of money into Digital, Data, and Technology (DDaT) in recent years. They have taken a holistic approach to creating a digital society by investing in their digital infrastructure, improving the digital skills of the private sector, and setting ambitious digital government goals.
The MoU will cover not only sharing knowledge and methods for making digital services, but also looking into new ways of working that will help make government digital services more effective, efficient, and cost-effective in the long run.
Moreover, since the first MoU was signed in 2019, there have been a number of ongoing activities for personalization between GDS and government agencies in Singapore.
Furthermore, GDS takes part in two multilateral working groups for the Digital Government Exchange (DGX). These groups are made up of people from different countries, which is an annual high-level conference put on by the government of Singapore. It is attended by international public sector leaders from places where the digital government has come a long way.
GDS and GovTech agree to continue working and help each other to get better at what they do -by sharing their knowledge and expertise to get better results for both countries.
Vietnam discussed potential plans and roadmaps to build national capacity in Earth observation using small satellite systems during a seminar held by the Vietnam National Space Centre (VNSC). Studies jointly conducted by the VNSC, the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) found that developing small satellites will work the best for Vietnam.
Last February, the government announced a strategy for the development and application of aerospace science and technology by 2030. The aim was to utilise achievements in the fields to address defence and security issues, strengthen the management of the environment and natural resources, monitor natural disasters and minimise their impacts, and provide related services. The seminar forms part of the efforts to translate the strategy into reality.
Japanese experts believe that Vietnam is in an advantageous position to expand the use of new satellite technologies to ASEAN and Asia-Pacific. The combination of Vietnam’s ground infrastructure and satellites and Japan’s technologies and services is critical to opening more opportunities for the use of satellite data for both sides. Multi-layered capacity-building programmes, which encourage the participation of the private sector in aerospace, can also help Vietnam make big steps in automation and enable more sectors to reap benefits from satellite data.
Many other countries around the world are leveraging satellites in Earth observation activities. In April, China announced it would be sending a satellite to do an in-depth study to address Earth’s drastic climate changes. The AES is a 2.6-metric ton satellite and was launched by a Long March 4C carrier rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre in Shanxi province. Accordingly, it entered a sun-synchronous orbit 705 kilometres above Earth. The satellite is designed to observe the planet’s health from above. It is the world’s first satellite using laser radar to detect carbon dioxide.
After in-orbit tests, the Atmospheric Environmental Surveyor (AES) satellite would monitor operations and send data to scientists. AES focuses on studying different key aspects of the planet’s health. It also observes air pollution, greenhouse gases, and other environmental elements. It provides data for research on climate change and ecological changes and will help to forecast agricultural yields and hazards.
More recently, in June, the Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) led a collaboration between the Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) and Singapore Land Authority (SLA) in using the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) data for scientific studies. The project will provide researchers with valuable data to contextualise more accurate projections to augment Singapore’s climate change response. As OpenGov Asia reported, using precise positioning technology like SLA’s SiReNT can help with more than just positioning and mapping. It can also open a lot of new ways to deal with the increasingly complicated problems caused by climate and environmental changes.
With the combined knowledge of SLA and EOS, the researchers want to use the rich historical data to co-create solutions for a new era of predicting and preparing for coastal and land changes to help Singapore deal with and lessen the effects of climate change.
The Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Hong Kong Institute of Science & Innovation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAIR) and the Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC) recently announced the establishment of the CAIR-HKPC Joint Laboratory (Joint Lab).
The Joint Lab will leverage the strengths of the two organisations to develop innovative solutions for industries and institutions, and help enterprises tackle the challenges they face when adopting artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics technologies.
The Lab will help foster smart manufacturing, enable industrial upgrading and transformation in Hong Kong, and will strengthen the momentum of a booming innovation and technology (I&T) sector to become a new growth engine for the city.
Built upon CAIR’s standing as an R&D leader and HKPC’s expertise in the implementation of intelligent manufacturing and strong network with Hong Kong industry stakeholders, the Joint Lab is strategically positioned to act in concert with national-level policies in AI and Robotics related industries and fully tap the market potential of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.
The Joint Lab seeks to deepen the collaboration among industry, academia and research institutes, accelerate technology transfer of research achievements in AI and Robotics, and promote the development of related industries through joint R&D projects and exchange programmes.
Taking into consideration the actual needs of enterprises, the Joint Lab will provide R&D and innovative applied technology solutions in fields including intelligent systems, intelligent equipment, intelligent robots, digital modelling and analysis technologies, as well as customised automatic equipment and advanced manufacturing solutions and intelligent product development services.
This is the first joint lab that CAIR has launched with a Hong Kong statutory organisation, with a distinct focus on technology transfer and applications of scientific and technological breakthroughs.
The Joint Lab will be set up at the CAIR and HKPC Building, advancing cooperation in these key areas:
The Director of CAIR and President of the Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, stated that the CAIR-HKPC Joint Lab fully embodies the strengths of both organisations, with CAIR’s leading research capabilities and HKPC’s cutting-edge expertise and solid experience in providing innovative solutions and applied technology services for Hong Kong enterprises.
He added that as Hong Kong’s I&T sector continues to gain vigour and momentum, CAIR will enhance its research capabilities in pioneering fields such as the basic theory of new-generation AI, new human-computer interaction technology, and advanced health-oriented robotics technology, and cross-modal open-source AI platform technology. The organisation will also provide support to innovative collaboration among industry, academia and research institutes.
The Executive Director of HKPC stated that HKPC will sharpen its core strengths to support more Hong Kong enterprises to enhance competitiveness through innovative solutions, advanced technology, talent development and government funding, to promote smart manufacturing and industrial transformation and upgrade in Hong Kong.
The Joint Lab will deepen collaboration in applied R&D, technological exchange and talent development, fortify I&T cooperation between Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland, promote industrial upgrading in the Greater Bay Area, expand the talent pool in the region, and leverage Hong Kong’s unique advantages ensure that the opportunities presented by the nation’s 14th Five-Year Plan and the Greater Bay Area are fully grasped in order to better integrate itself into the nation’s overall development.
Ivan John E. Uy, Secretary of the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) emphasised the significance of enhancing Philippine e-governance through the digitisation of public transactions.
“We in the DICT have a very peculiar mandate, and that mandate cuts across all government agencies– to ensure that through ICT, we will be able to deliver to the Filipino people a better government,” says Uy. He mentioned the requirement for the Philippines security framework and standards for 5G equipment
Numerous cyber dangers have been introduced to the 5G infrastructure’s architecture network due to its complexity. It is critical to comprehend how threat actors can take advantage of weak points and vulnerabilities in their assets.
Additionally, the increased use of operational technology (OT) and information and communications technology (ICT) systems by public and private institutions that operate “Critical Information Infrastructure (CII)” in the course of their duties has increased the susceptibility of these systems to various types of cybercrimes.
As 5G technology is created and implemented, more flaws and vulnerabilities are found. The 5G architecture takes four (4) key elements into account:
The first two are crucial aspects of 5G Evolution. The cloud and other virtualisation technologies can be used to perform core network operations. The use of open-source software introduces new risks that must be addressed. Another factor is the growing vulnerability of Internet of Things (IoT) devices, which has increased the number of potential entry points significantly.
Most IoT devices on the market have minimal cyber security measures. Unsecured IoT devices have the potential to intercept sensitive data transmitted over 5G networks. While 5G technology and standards will improve security, threats associated with 3G and 4G networks will continue to obstruct interoperability between previous generation networks. To ensure adequate security, 5G equipment suppliers and vendors must work backwards.
On the other hand, the telecommunications sector, one of the identified CIIs of the Philippines, is a major target for cyberattacks because it serves as the foundation for e-commerce and financial technologies, the backbone for controlling and operating critical systems, and the gatekeeper for the internet through the ISPs that support services essential to the nation’s economy and government-related services.
Moreover, Short Message Service (SMS)-based phishing assaults, also known as smishing, have become more prevalent, among other security dangers, raising concerns about cybersecurity and data privacy. To help their clients defend themselves against cyberattacks and false information, telecom companies have therefore stepped up their cybersecurity initiatives.
As the nation becomes more digital, faith in cybersecurity has grown significantly in line with worldwide trends. A shared set of standards should serve as the foundation for this trust, which must be based on verifiable facts.
Meanwhile, DICT has given awards to its public and private partners. A total of 80 people and groups were given awards for making important contributions to the growth of ICT in the country. There were three categories for the awards: Spark, Strengthen, and Sustain.
The ICT ecosystem of the nation has grown exponentially because of the partners who were recognised with the Alab Spark Awards. These honourees are the leaders, entrepreneurs, and innovators in the Philippine ICT sector.
The Alab Strengthen Awards recognise partners who share their technological know-how to upskill both the public and private sectors to better adapt to the changing digital landscape, turning tiny changes into raging fires.
DICT has asked the public to work with them to bring the promise of a better economy to the Filipino people through a government and citizens who are digitally savvy.
CSIRO, Australia’s national science agency, has launched an online centre consolidating Australian hydrogen research and industry activities, aimed at supercharging the development of a clean and competitive hydrogen industry.
The Hydrogen Knowledge Centre, which is a part of CSIRO’s Hydrogen Industry Mission, is designed to nurture collaboration between the growing Australian hydrogen industry, government and research and development (R&D) ecosystems, by providing regularly updated information on policies, projects, research and resources.
The CSIRO Chief Executive stated that Australia is in an ideal position to use hydrogen to create billions of dollars of GDP growth through long-lasting jobs, exports and domestic use while helping drive down emissions.
CSIRO started its research into hydrogen fuel to help catalyse a new industry in Australia that would fill the economic gap being created by the transition away from fossil fuels. Australia is now realising the potential for hydrogen to reduce its emissions and create new economic wealth, thanks to early investment in research. With a strong coalition of partners from government, research and industry, CSIRO launched the Hydrogen Industry Mission in 2021 – the first of its missions.
The Hydrogen Knowledge Centre will be a central point of critical information for hydrogen R&D in Australia aimed at helping avoid duplication as well as fostering the Team Australia approach needed for Australia to take a world-leading role in developing and exporting hydrogen.
Across the Hydrogen Knowledge Centre, users can access a broad range of information, from interactive modelling tools forecasting the future cost of hydrogen, based on technology deployment and energy use, to educational resources explaining the basics of hydrogen and its use in the energy mix.
A new module – HyLearning is now accessible in addition to two existing modules, HyResource and HyResearch. A new industry map, also part of the knowledge centre, will highlight all of the current projects across Australia, and allow users to filter searches by project proponents, end-use and development status. The Knowledge Centre will also feature resources developed by partners and collaborators in the Australian hydrogen industry.
The CSIRO Hydrogen Industry Mission spokesperson that the new map showed 85 current hydrogen projects being driven by industry across Australia. She noted that these resources are being developed with state and federal governments, and industry and R&D partners to capture and promote hydrogen projects and industry developments across Australia. Delivering the centre’s knowledge is an important milestone for the Hydrogen Industry Mission because it helps connects the dots for all the players involved across the sector.
Since launching the existing HyResource page in 2020, it has been visited more than 200,000 times by users from across the globe seeking to learn more about the development of Australia’s hydrogen industry, demonstrating a clear demand for hydrogen information.
As the clean hydrogen industry continues to develop and evolve, the hope is that the Hydrogen Knowledge Centre can continue to be a relevant and valuable resource in Australia and internationally.
An important feature of the knowledge centres is that it is easy to access information for all those interested in hydrogen. This is will be done by linking to partner-led modules and collaboratively developing content for the hydrogen community.
The Federal Minister for Industry and Science stated that CSIRO’s virtual Hydrogen Knowledge Centre will provide support for the growing hydrogen industry to produce energy that meets the needs of businesses and households, and creates jobs for Australians.
The online knowledge centre will be significant in putting hydrogen at the forefront of renewable energy sources, bringing industries, universities and policymakers together. According to Australian government estimates, Australian hydrogen production for export and domestic use could generate more than $50 billion in additional GDP by 2050.
Providing blood products to forward-deployed medics and corpsmen as soon as possible is one of the best methods to preserve lives during combat operations since blood loss is the primary cause of preventable death on the battlefield.
“We were pretty reliant on medevac ‘dust off’ to deliver our blood,” says Air Force Co. (Dr) Stacy Shackelford, chief of the Joint Trauma System. However, Stacy cautioned that it might be harder in future battles with a “near-peer” foe. Even though they require blood transfusions or other serious medical attention, injured soldiers may have to stay at the front lines for days.
When the U.S. military-maintained control of the skies and a close-by network of medical facilities during the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, getting the necessary blood products to injured warfighters was often not a significant difficulty.
Some government agencies are financing several other advancements to enhance the use of drones in the field of war. However, it will be difficult to restock with blood and other medical supplies utilising drones.
There are clearly compromises made between some of these many platforms like using drones and ensuring that the vehicle is swift and somewhat covert. Drones also have an enormous battery that will enable them to stay in the air for a lot longer if it needs to wait anywhere in case there is a problem.
There has also been discussion about equipping some operational combat hardware drones with alternate payloads capable of delivering water, medical supplies, blood, and other needed supplies. Moreover, the fundamental problem with blood resupply is that it needs to be kept at specified temperatures, just like many drugs, including some antibiotics and painkillers.
The biggest technological challenges now are the ability to maintain the temperatures inside those drone payloads very consistently, at a variety of altitudes, and in a variety of different ambient conditions, for potentially long periods of time, without using up too much power from the system itself.
Drones were employed by the Marine Corps to replenish supplies during an exercise in Australia. In Rwanda and Uganda, drones have also been utilised to deliver medical supplies to remote places across mountain ranges and inclement weather.
Soon, operational forces are beginning to consider the employment of drones for resolving probable near-peer wars. Long-term efforts are being made in several directions, including using drones to remove patients. Some of these platforms, which can swiftly evacuate sick individuals without endangering other employees in potentially contested airspace, are also being studied.
Technology continues to improve. When it comes to drones it may be just a matter of keeping the drones low to the ground, and that an artificial intelligence system is piloting them.
Hopefully, AI will be faster reacting than a human would be. The long-term goal is to have some sort of robotics onboard these drones that would be doing medical care to the patient during transport.
Furthermore, a new Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency initiative called “The in the Moment Programme” aims to ultimately give AI systems the same complex, rapid decision-making capabilities as military medical staff and trauma surgeons on the battlefield based on algorithms of care and decision-making capabilities.
Technology keeps getting better. It could only be necessary to keep drones close to the ground and that they are being flown by an AI system.
To improve the ecosystem and boost productivity, the Indonesian government continues to push for MSMEs to be digitised. The nation is also persistent in encouraging local entrepreneurs to participate in the digital economy by strengthening the MSME and e-commerce ecosystems.
“For students who want to become entrepreneurs, the Government has prepared various integrated financing schemes. For novice entrepreneurs who are just starting micro and small businesses, there are several other programmes,” says Airlangga, Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs.
He envisioned those scholars and students would be able to combine their knowledge and ability to read business opportunities so that the number of entrepreneurs born from higher education would increase.
On the other hand, universities can also increase their role not only as a place of learning but also to encourage financial literacy for students which will also be a provision for entrepreneurship, “That collaboration between universities and the government also needs to be carried out in supporting financial inclusion programmes.”
According to Coordinating Minister Airlangga, the government is committed to helping the younger generation flourish through a variety of skill-building initiatives. The nation is promoting the advancement of digital skills, which range from beginner to advanced levels.
The programme supports include the Pre-Employment Card, the National Digital Literacy Movement, the Digital Talent Scholarship, the Digital Leadership Academy and the Sea Labs Academy.
This is carried out to help the more than 191 million people in the productive age group, the bulk of whom are members of Generation Z and the Millennial Generation. The current generation is expected to be able to optimise various digitalisation opportunities in various sectors. Digital skills development is estimated to contribute to the country’s digital transformation.
This will be an opportunity for the Indonesian economy, and must be utilised as well as possible and digital talent is also very much needed to accelerate the number of entrepreneurs in Indonesia, according to Coordinating Minister Airlangga.
Furthermore, specifically for the Pre-Employment Card, in the last two years, more than 12 million recipients had received it. The Pre-Employment Card Programme has helped a third of the recipients who previously did not find work to become employed, either as entrepreneurs or as employees.
Meanwhile, the Indonesian National Police (Polri) was encouraged by the government to continue innovating, be adaptive, responsive, and able to transform into a modern institution. President Joko Widodo has reminded the Polri that the sense of justice and the benefit of the law should be felt by the people of Indonesia. According to him, the National Police must prioritise the prevention efforts in maintaining security and public order and carry out various police actions in a humanistic, but firm manner when needed.
The President also explained that Indonesia still had to face many challenges, including the National Police. In addition to the Covid-19 pandemic which still requires serious handling, the government must also be aware of global uncertainties ranging from energy to financial crises, as well as the threat of the latest technology-based crimes.
With this, President Jokowi outlined several national agendas that require support from the National Police, including the Nusantara Capital City (IKN) development project. He has requested that the National Police should monitor the construction of the IKN, which will serve as the engine for future progress of Indonesia.
In addition, the Head of State asked the National Police to be able to oversee the entire series of G20 activities that have taken place until the peak of the G20 Summit which will be held in Bali Province in November.
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